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The function of inititally attending to pictures in multimedia learning

Multiple Representations


April 2009 - June 2013


Pact for Research and Innovation of the Competition Fund of the Leibniz-Association


This PhD project aimed at investigating whether there is early mutual interplay between processing of text and processing of pictures when learning with multimedia. Against the backdrop of research on cognitive psychology it was assumed that processing of a picture, even for a short time only, allows extracting global spatial information that, in turn, is useful to learning from text. Results from five experiments with eye movement recordings supported the assumption global spatial information is processed early in a picture and, in turn, can be used to foster learning from text. Results were thus in line with the notion of early mutual interplay in text and picture processing when learning with multimedia.


Eitel, A., Scheiter, K., & Schüler, A. (2013). How inspecting a picture affects processing of text in multimedia learning. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 27, 451-461.

Eitel, A., Scheiter, K., Schüler, A., Nyström, M., & Holmqvist, K. (2013). How a picture facilitates the process of learning from text: Evidence for scaffolding. Learning and Instruction, 28, 48-63.

Eitel, A., Scheiter, K., & Schüler, A. (2012). The time course of information extraction from instructional diagrams. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 115, 677-701.